THE PLACES IT IS THE HISTORY
The history of Acireale marries him the legend of the Cyclopses and the Lestringonis, as well as with the most classical traditions of the mythology..
You narrates of an idyll of love among the pastorello Aci and the nymph Galatea, opposed by the Cyclops Polifemo, child of the Volcano, which kills Aci launching him big rocks. Galatea turned to the gods, it implores them so that Aci can repurchase the life, these you/he/she was transformed in river, cosichè pouring again himself/herself/itself in sea, you/he/she could ideally celebrate the embrace d ' love with the beloved nymph.
Initially first community draws origin from a city Greek call XIPHONIA, subsequently, in Roman epoch, the city calls ACIS.Durante the Byzantine denomination, the city it had the name of JACHIUM. But you/he/she was destroyed by the 1169 earthquake, the inhabitants are moved more to North founding Aquilia, but in 1642 it will call Acireale.
Acireale, rises on the edge of a lava pianoro to the south-oriental slopes dell, leaning out himself/herself/itself on the placid waters of the Ionian sea, he/she offers a place made dall enchanting I some sea from the dark color of the lava stone and from the green of the agrumetis. The historical, economic and commercial importance already in Roman age it was a great deal note for the presence of waters sulfuree that gave her fame of thermal city. The city, Episcopalian center, said “of the one hundred bell tower” and for the presence of numerous scholastic institutes, library-pinacoteca, you/he/she has constituted a point of reference for the culture and the local traditions. The Baroque image of the city goes up again a following years the intervention ricostruttivo of the city, happened after an earthquake that destroyed her/it. The Cathedral is known for the seventeenth-century portal, in 1642 it assumed the appellative of Reality for its affiliation to the Regal demanio given by Phillip IV of Spain.
ACIREALE from 1943
The war has brought a lot of novelties in the city. First of all the Tedeschi,dals Gennaio 1941 occupy the castle “Scammacca” of the Pennisis Floristella, but in effects, they are not welcomed to Acireale with enthusiasm. The “Box Worker Santa Reveres” you/he/she is an anonymous society of credit, been born for meeting the demands of small artisans, agriculturists, dealers, workers. During the 2° World war her “Riseria Molino and Pastificio Brothers Leonardi it represents a pole of very important restocking for the troops and for the civil populations. The great building that, near the Railway Station on the National street, it entertains the declared establishment of remarkable war interest, you/he/she has been “camouflaged” painting the external walls of it with spots of red-dark, blue, green, yellow and grey color, to confuse its massive structure with the surrounding grounds, to prevent its hostile aerial survey.
To warm up himself/herself/themselves is used the vegetable coal, the fuel for auto becomes that cannot be found, alcohol is used denatured for the “spiritere “for the preparation of the coffee.
To our days the city is an important agricultural center (citrus fruit, grape and vegetables) with industries of transformation and an asset commercial center.
The tourism, tied up besides to the thermal cares (thermal baths of Saint he/she Reveres), you/he/she has recently had a notable impulse.
DEMONSTRATIONS IT IS LOCAL RECURRENCES
Tourist demonstration well note is her/it “fair of the Jonio “, he/she understands artistic initiatives, folklorist and shows of various nature.
Defined the “more beautiful Carnival of Sicily “you/he/she has deserved such denomination to the skill of the artisan teachers and the support of the tourist operators. Parades of wagons, flowered masks, musical gangs animate the urban scenery of light, colors and sounds.
Work of the pupis:
It is a theatrical form of presumed Spanish origin. They uses wood marionettes and metal animated by the “puparo” through fili.Il repertoire is in Sicilian dialect and ambientate in the periods of Charles Magno.
The tradition of the tastes:
The varied gastronomic specialties typical of the Sicilian region they express a culinary tradition and in particolar way confectionery. Ingredients as the sugar, the cinnamon and the pistachio were introduced by the Arabs, in the district Acese is expressed specialty as you granulate her, the cannolis, the real pasta of almond.
The celebrations in honor of S. Sebastiano said Martyr “rizzareddu “they represent a demonstration of faith and popular share. The demonstration consists in the procession of the statue hoisted above a fercolo and brought to shoulder by the believers.
Great emotion gets the afternoon standstill to the old railway station. Attends him some train coming from Syracuse it coincides with the departure, quite a lot years ago, of so many young people for the first World war.
The party of the patrona of the city represents a very important religious appointment. The statue posts above a fercolo you/he/she is brought from the Cathedral along the streets of the city, followed by the Candelores Questi great candles in wood they are suited to shoulder by the believers which sfrenarsis are usual in a said typical dance “annacata “.
Art and Culture
The academy of Sciences, Letters and Belle Arti, risen around the destination' of the XVII sec. thanks to I bring him of three prestigious "institutions" cultural, what: the Zealots' academy (1671), the Congregation of the Fathers of the Study (1712) and the academy of the Dafnicis (1778), it has during the years represented a valid point of reference as it regards the activities' cultural and the studies generally.
The academy, the more one' ancient in Sicily among those legally recognized, he/she understands a rich Library and one as many important Pinacoteca.
The Library Zelantea and' from the beginnings of the '900 situated at the Street Marquis of Sangiuliano, near a building built by the Commune and projected, in neoclassic style, from the architect acese Mariano Panebianco.
The Pinacoteca occupies three rooms of the building today and entertains works of artists what: Phillip Paladini, Giacinto Platania, Anthony Filocamo, Baldassare Grasso, Pietro Paolo Vast, Vito Di Ann, Antonino Bonaccorsi, Francis Mancini, Joseph Sciuti, Michael La Spina, Savior River, to quote only some of the more names' representative.
Among the heirlooms exposed in the rooms of the Pinacoteca it detaches the eighteenth-century town carriage belonged to the Senate Acese and considered today one among the best that are guarded in Sicily, the sketch raffigurante Aci and Galatea performed by Rosary Anastasi, some busts in marble realized by the same sculptor acese, two "candelore" and quite a lot sculptures, works in prevalence of local artists.
They contribute to subsequently enrich the patrimony of the academy, a rich numismatic collection, interesting archaeological finds of origin Greek-Roman and different pieces of war material related to the last wars.
Once chiesetta with attached cemetery and garden, built in the XV century in nearness to the Cathedral, it was to this last surrendered (1602) for the completion of the south aisle and the realization of a chapel devoted to announces him.
Such decision I involve' the possibility' to proceed to the building of the actual factory, initiated in 1608 and completed in the 1684 graces, for other, to the spirit of existing competition among the rectors of the same oratory and those of St. Sebastiano, busy of fact in the contemporary realization of the "Temple" of the Saint Martyr.
The church of the SSs. Pietro and Paul you/he/she was fresco by the acesis Baldassare Grasso and Giovanni Him Coco, student of G. Platania, from the messinese Giovanni Fulco and from Pietro Paolo Vast, author of the pictures "S. Andrea of Avellino" and " Simone and Giuda."
The 1693 earthquake I provoke' huge damages in the church, constituted, until then, from an aisle only cover with a wooden ceiling.
The following restaurations brought notable changes to the inside building organism, what the coverage at times of the aisle and the realization of architectural scores in Corinthian style.
The prospectus of the church, Vast work of Pietro Paolo, term was brought to during the XVIII century; to the same period and' referable the construction of the bell tower in Baroque style, work of Vito Amico, the inside beauty of the Sacred building contributes from the silvery tabernacle of the SS.Salvatore.
In origin temple votivo devoted to St. Sebastiano Martire, built after the 1466 plague and destroyed by the 1693 earthquake, preserve everything today memory of the ancient construction thanks to the beautiful portal, in Gothic style 1475 lombardo, only memory of Aquilia Nuova.
After the earthquake, the church is rebuilt by the Confratis of Sant'Antonio and by local artists, among which: Michael Vecchio, Pietro Paolo Vast which, suffered indisposition it dies really during the realization of the frescos, but the fatherly work was continued by his/her child Alexander and author of some pictures of valuable artistic value.
The considerable number of newspaper kiosk present votive in proximity' of the intersections or along the principal roads, those of once, represent above all today all meaning of the historical-artistic patrimony acese.
You denominate in local slang "atareddi", that is' small altars, are constituted by niches realized in the external masonry of the constructions.
On the wall leading of the above-mentioned niches, or using supports prepared inside the same, what wood, cloth or galvanized plate, came in past represented to fresco sacred images, you primarily inspire to the figure of the Madonna and the Christ, him "atareddi" they came of frequent situated along the principal roads, so that', the carrying out of the religious processions could happen in the more way' easy; others were located in proximity instead' of the least sure runs, to make him that the light of the candles, offered by the believers, it guaranteed even though for brief time a suitable brightness' of the above-mentioned layouts.
Among the traditional representations votive, numerous they are to the respect the images inspired to the Madonna of the Rosary.
The most greater part of the newspaper kiosk, above all the more' interesting from the artistic point of view, you/they were realized among the XVIII and the XIX century, period during which the authoritative artists, busy in the decoration of the most greater local churches, they offered theirs "work" to fresco these mini masterpieces.
The “timpa “
The nature of the Sicilian coasts introduces geo-volcanic quality.
The Timpa, imposing present scarp along the oriental slope of the city of Acireale constitutes a rare beauty of vegetation to peak on the sea. The rich vegetation, always green, you/he/she is mainly constituted by broom and fig tree of Indian, capers and fennels of sea. As much luxuriant vegetation is to correlate to the climatic aspect of the place.
The climate is typically Mediterranean. The elevated impermeability of the volcanic products prepared on an impermeable clayey layer, favors the formation of a considerable underground water reserve.
March 14 th 1984 has been founded the natural reserve of the Timpa of Acireale, submitted to guardianship for the protection of the environmental values.
Ancient run denominated “the harbor's road “, you/he/she was realized in 1687 to connect Acireale to the sea, with the village S.Maria the Staircase. They are constituted by seven ramps some of which are planned in arcs in lava stone on the costone of the Timpa.
During the Spanish period you/they were used by the departments protection soldiers of the city from the hostile raids from the sea. In proximity of the II° it ramps a denominated fortitude you/he/she was built "touch", it is one of the most greater tourist attractions of the coast jonica for the splendid panorama.